Letter B: Bookkeeping and Accounting Definitions
There are 100's of accounting definitions, bookkeeping terms and bookkeeping definitions here in my accounting terms glossary.
Use this page as an accounting resource to help improve your bookkeeping knowledge of terms starting with the letter B.
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ACCOUNTING DEFINITIONS STARTING WITH THE LETTER B
A sum of money owed that is unlikely to be repaid.
A statement showing the assets and liabilities of a company or institution at a particular time.
Balloon Payment Loan:
A balloon payment loan is a formalized loan with a final payment that is larger than the regular payment amount. Balloon payment loans usually have a lower interest rate than a standard loan to compensate for the larger, final payment. Most balloon payment loans have fixed monthly principal and interest payments with a defined payback period.
Banking consists of two basic operations: 1) receiving money from the general public and 2) investing this money to make a profit. The money a bank receives is in the form of deposits, while its investments usually consist of loans and securities on which it earns interest. Banks typically offer two general typs of accounts to their depositors: savings and checking. Savings accounts are designed for people who wish to save money and have it earn interest, while checking accounts are designed to keep money in the bank that may be used without coming to the bank to withdraw it. This is accomplished by writing a check.
The exchange of one kind of property for another without the use of money. (The exchange of goods for money is called a sale; the exchange of similar goods such as a car for a car is a trade).
Base Unit of Measure:
The first unit defined in a unit of measure set and is usually the smallest unit of measure used for an item when purchasing it, tracking it in inventory, and selling it.
The written promise of a corporation or government to repy borrowed money on a specified date and at a fixed rate of interest. Bonds are usually issued in groups to finance large loans.
A systematic method of recording business transactions. The recording or clerical part of accounting. Basic bookkeeping shows money received and money spent for a given period. More complete business systems show where income came from, how and where money is spent, how much profit a business made or how great a loss it had, what the business is worth, and how these results for the given period compare with the results for previous periods.
The activity, practice, or profession of maintaining the business records of a person or organization and preparing forms and reports for tax or other financial purposes.
The point or level of financial activity at which expenditure equals income or the value of an investment equals its cost, with the result that there is neither a profit nor a loss.
A plan specifying how resources, especially time or money, will be allocated or spent during a particular period.
An organization set up to carry on some form of economic activity for profit. A business may be owned by one person or may be a partnership, cooperative, or corporation. In a more general sense, business is a broad term covering commerce and trade, industry, and banking & finance.
The pattern of recurring changes in economic conditions, from good to hard times, and back to good. In each cycle there are ususally four stages: 1) prosperity, 2) decline, 3) depression/recession, and 4) recovery.
A rule or regulation made by a corporation, club, or society fo the government of its own affairs.
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